A concussion can be defined as a traumatic injury to the brain which can lead to a disrupted functioning of the brain. The effects caused by concussion are usually temporary and include effects like headache, and issues with concentration, memory and balance.
Concussions can be caused by trauma to the brain that may happen in the form of blows to the head, violently shaking it, or violent movement of the upper body. Most concussions do not result in losing consciousness, however, sometimes you may faint and lose your conscious.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF A CONCUSSION?
A concussion can be detected easily. However, sometimes, the symptoms may overlap with other problems like lack of sleep, etc.
The following are the symptoms of a concussion:
- Ringing in the ears
- Blurry vision
Other signs that can be observed in the affected person are as follows:
- Slurred speech
- Temporary loss of consciousness
- Dazed appearance
The following symptoms can occur days after the concussion:
- Change in personality and irritability
- Sensitivity to light and noise
- Disturbances in sleep
- Disorders of taste and smell
- Problems in adjustment
WHEN SHOULD YOU SEE A DOCTOR?
You must see a doctor and emergency care if you have experienced a head injury and have the following symptoms:
- Repeated vomiting or nausea
- A headache that keeps on getting worse over time
- Drainage of fluid or blood from the nose or ears
- Disturbance in the vision or eye, like enlargement of pupil or pupils in unequal sizes.
- Ringing in the ears that seems to persist over time
- Weakness in the arms or legs
- Your appearance becomes pale for longer than an hour
- Changes in behavior
- Difficulty in recognizing people or places and feeling of disorientation
- The obvious difficulty with mental functioning or physical coordination
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS CAUSED DUE TO CONCUSSIONS?
The following complications can be caused due to concussions:
- Post-traumatic headaches: Even after a week of brain injury, you can experience headaches that may be concussion-related.
- Post-concussion syndrome: More than 15 percent of people experience dizziness, headaches and difficulties in cognition that may last for more than three weeks. If these symptoms keep on persisting for more than three months, then you have a post-concussion syndrome.
- Second impact syndrome: If you experience a second concussion even before the symptoms of first concussion show up, then it may result in rapid and fatal brain swelling.
HOW CAN CONCUSSIONS BE PREVENTED?
The following are some tips that may help you prevent and lower the risk of injury to your head:
- Equipping yourself with protective gears during sports and other physical recreational activities
- If you are driving, then it is mandatory that you buckle up your seatbelt
- Exercising regularly helps in making your muscles and legs strong
- Spreading awareness about concussions so that it can be detected early
It is highly recommended for athletes to not engage in any physical and sports activities while still experiencing the symptoms and signs of a concussion.